No Child Left behind Act was passed in 2001 and became a law in 2002. It was proposed by President G. W. Bush soon after taking office as the President of United States. The act was primarily focused towards the elementary and secondary education of the children on how to take effective measures that could benefit the children. Another emphasis of this act was to devise some practically implementing strategies that could provide easy access to the schools for all the children regardless of their race and background. No child Left behind enacts the theories of standards based education reforms for the schools which is based on the belief that by raising the standards and setting up measurable goals can greatly improve the outcome of the students.
The act is currently applicable in all the states and functioning properly for the benefits of schools and students. Moreover, the results that can be obtained to observe the advantages of this act are still vague because no school is left to compare with. Though independent research has shown that the differences in the previous education system and the reforms that have been implemented after this act has affected the outcomes of the students where they are most effectively involved in their curriculum providing good results. The direct analysis of state test scores before and after enactment of NCLB also supports its positive impact.
A primary criticism asserts that NCLB could reduce effective instruction and student learning because it may cause states to lower achievement goals and motivate teachers to "teach to the test." A primary supportive claim asserts that systematic testing provides data that shed light on which schools are not teaching basic skills effectively, so that interventions can be made to improve outcomes for all students while reducing the achievement gap for disadvantaged and disabled students.