Some current events like gender and popular culture, Islam, and men and war are also materialized in the first article, on the other hand those issues are totally absent in the second article. It also addresses a number of compelling topics, including the effects of globalization on notions of masculinity, the difficulties faced by Muslim women living in post-9/11 America, and the perceptions of “blackness” worldwide. Unlike second article, by the first article guided through the complex realities of today’s gender relationships, Gender Through the Prism of Difference is ideal for undergraduate or graduate courses in the sociology of gender; women’s studies; gender roles; the sociology of women; women in society; race, class, and gender; feminist theory; and social inequality. “The most pressing question that comes out of gender performativity as a theory is: but what can you do with it? That is not to say that all theory has to have an immediate practical application, but gender performativity is so deeply entrenched in our sense of self, and the theories that have arisen to explain it are so rich and suggestive, that it’s not surprising that activists have searched for ways to use the theory to help us talk back to the regime of gender” (Sarah, 1997, p. 306). More than any other gender reader, Gender through the Prism of Difference gives a clear, current, understanding of gender in a broad social context.
· Takes a sociological perspective on contemporary gender relations.
· Emphasizes the theme of “difference” or how other inequalities such as race, class, or age affect our gendered experiences.
· Presents a discussion of women’s and men’s issues.
· Includes articles on international and transnational factors in addition to the articles on U.S. gender relations.
· Integrates scholarship on the social construction of masculinities.
· Retains a good mix of new and recent material with classic articles on gender.
· Incorporates more personal narratives by young people.
· Emphasizes gender as it is lived and experienced by the students reading the book with the inclusion of new articles relevant to the lives of undergraduates.
· Includes a new section on “Popular Culture” (Part VII).
On the other hand, Gender Performativity gives a clear, current, understanding of gender in a broad social context on the following issues:
· In the beginning: per formative language
· Making subjects: Althusser and Foucault
· Judith Butler and gender performativity
· Performance, performativity, excess and shame
Lastly, Sarah (1997) argued that “[g]ender is work and, as Butler argues, gender performativity is always on the edge of failure. It takes courage to jump over that edge, and jump with your eyes open. It might be that the best way to do things with gender is to know what gender is doing with us, and then work it” (p. 307). Sometimes the sociological perspective as it relates to gender. That is, to understand how genderrelated behavior and definitions of gender are shaped by particular social processes. Gender roles’ and more about ‘gender performativity’ are pointed out in the second article. Finally, it is said that by these both article it is showed how gender and sex are related to race and class in the human lives.