Kallipolis (K) can justify that their ethical claims are universally moral. This is because they base their ethical principles mostly on the human nature. Due to this, they tend to concentrate more on human actions. Every human being does an action so that he/she achieves a certain goal or happiness that would satisfy his/her life needs. In addition to this, they direct their actions toward human function. The ethics in K try to concentrate more on the health and safety of every individual in the society. Furthermore, they respect the personal decision made by every individual in the society. Thus, according to their principles it is mandatory that a person is granted the opportunity of determining his/her life. Human beings always strive to see that they live a comfortable life and therefore they have a right of determining the right time to give birth to a baby considering their financial abilities. In view of the above points, K can support the law on abortion to be universally morally right since the mother has a right to determine whether she should support abortion, since it directly affects her life, health, safety, and happiness.
Augustinia (A) can justify that their ethical claims are universally moral. The Christian theologian and philosopher Augustine laid out their ethical principles. According to their principles, there is only one omnipotent God, who is a Creator of everything; therefore, people should follow whatever his teachings command them to do. In addition to this, Augustine requires human beings to follow what the Scriptures and Church authorities teach them, since they reveal and reflect God’s teachings. The Scriptures should guide the way people live since the teachings from God are directed towards peace and harmony to every individual. According to the Scripture, to take away life is breaking the Ten Commandments that God gave to Moses. Furthermore, it argues that God is the giver of life, and thus he should have a right and responsibility of taking it away. Concerning the above points, A can justify that forbidding abortion is universally morally right since people believe in one God, and he forbids taking away life in his Scriptures.
I believe K has a stronger argument for their universality of their moral beliefs. Their moral beliefs concentrate more on human nature, and I think that the nature of human beings is the same despite their religion, race, or nationality. Furthermore, they tend to concentrate more on the safety, health and personal happiness of every human being, and I believe this is the most important thing in universality of moral beliefs.