Suydam, Marilyn, N. (1982)

The Use of Calculators in Pre-College Education: Fifth Annual State-of-the-Art Review 

Columbus, OH: Calculator Information Center

Provides evidence that students may start exploiting calculators as soon as they enroll in school, thus calculators could be utilized as a counting assistance. Shows that students do not necessarily turn to be dependent on calculators, nevertheless, students found it more comfortable to use calculators when encountered by intricate problems.

Hembree, Ray & Dessart, Donald J. (1986)

“Effects of Hand-Held Calculators in Precollege Mathematics Education: A Meta-Analysis.”

Journal for Research in  Mathematics Education, 17, 83-89

Demonstrates that students, who use calculators, comprise a stronger approach towards mathematics, than those who do not use the help of a calculator, and especially in terms of enhanced self-concept mathematics. This notion is applicable for all grade levels. Includes relevant evidence on the advantage of calculator use, and addresses an in-depth meta-analysis of the issue.

Agyenim-Boateng (1996)

The Effect of Use of Hand-Held Calculators on Attitude and Computation Skills of Second Year Students of Nkwatia-Kwahu.

A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of Education, U.C.C.

Studies whether students at the JSS stage will show any signs of improvement in mathematics, if permitted to get the aid of calculators within the focus of their studies. Examines the aid of hand-held calculators at St. Peters Secondary School at Nkwatia-Kwahu by second-year students in terms of attitudes and computational abilities. Addresses and provides evidence that calculators are indispensable in enhancing students’ excellence in mathematics.

Eisenhower, S. (2011)

Quick Takes: Calculators in the Classroom

This article argues whether or not calculators are supposed to be employed in teaching math in primary grades. Provides ideas on how to wisely make use of it. This is very straightforward and plain article that puts into perspectives that calculators can be used I both, good ways and bad ways, hence depends on the tutor’s attitudes and approach towards the issue. Also addresses the controlled usage of calculators in elementary levels.

Starr, L. (2002)

Educators Battle over Calculator Use: Both Sides Claim Casualties

Manifests that upon applying the usage of calculators within classrooms, teachers must always bear in mind the fact that balance should be a priority. Shows that the balanced implementation of calculators ensures mathematics achievements for students. Provides examples of how calculators can bring about logic and reason into the students’ minds and skills, hence conveying productivity all along grade levels.

Susan, R. (2001)

The use of Calculators Gets to the Heart of Good Teaching

This article shows how a certain teacher aimed at developing a list of regulations for the use of calculators. Studies two aspects. First, the use of a calculator as a device in problem solving, and second, the calculator must be additionally used for only complex calculations, not for elementary computations and facts. Provides evidence of how the proper use of calculators in the classroom is related to good math teachings.

Sproule, T. (2000)

Deciding When to use Calculators

Retrieved from http:// www.nctm.org

This articles explains how teachers are ought to recognize where and when to use calculators in the classroom. Knowing when and where provides the ultimate success and achievement in terms of a student’s performance. Furthermore, it suggests that educators should be urged to set up considerate justifications for choosing how and when to employ the use of calculators in their classrooms. The article stresses on the concept of wisely applying the usage of calculators in the right place and at the right timing.

Wheatley, C. L. (1980)

Calculator Use and Problem-Solving Performance.

Journal For Research in Mathematics Education, NCTM

Provides evidence that the suitable use of calculator, improves the comprehension and performance of mathematics models and skills, problem solving, and logic. The study reveals that proper and wise usage of the calculator within class, will positively impact students’ approach towards solving a specific problem, thus urging them for an enhanced performance to tackle an arithmetic problem.

Collins, S. (n.d.)

Calculators and Calculating Devices

Shows how different sides support the integration of the calculator into all grade level. Explains the technical facet of calculators, and emphasizes their proper usages within class; however the basic mathematical skills must not be eliminated. In general, the calculator plays a positive role amongst students on all stages. The article also accentuates the concept of when and how to use the calculator, instead of the merely wondering if calculators should or should not be integrated.

Bright, G. W., Waxman, H. C., & Williams, S. E. (Eds.). (1994)

Impact of calculators on Mathematics instruction. Lanham, MD: University Press of America

Provides evidence that the suitable use of calculator, improves the comprehension and performance of mathematics models and skills, problem solving, and logic. In general, the calculator plays a positive role amongst students on all stages. The article stresses on the concept of wisely applying the usage of calculators in the right place and at the right timing. Addresses and provides evidence that calculators are vital in enhancing students’ excellence in mathematics.

Hui, T. (2009)

Basic Calculator Use

Teaches how to use the basic key functions of a calculator, such as subtraction, multiplication, addition, and division. Demonstrates and talks about the basic calculator use.

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