A metaphor is a figure of speech that conveys vivid ideas or images by implying comparisons between two unrelated things. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a metaphor is “a figure of speech in which a name or descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to, that to which it is literally applicable”(2012).
Some examples of metaphors are-
Person : Son
Metaphors : a whirlwind, a bundle of energy, an excited electron, a busy bee, has ants in his pants.
Person : Father
Metaphor : an island in a stormy sea, the wind beneath my wings, a guiding light, an anchor, has a heart of gold.
Metaphor : a tireless traveler, an infinite river, a promise of change, a thief, a link to the past, a doorway to the future, a great healer.
Metaphor: touched everything with its icy fingers, a cruel and hardened killer, a silent invader which conquers all, covers everything in a white shroud.
Metaphor: the essence of life, a rollercoaster ride, an adventure, a delicate flower, floating on clouds, a burning desire.
Type of Organization: Natural Order: Chronological
Example: A butterfly lays an egg, the egg hatches and a larva comes out. The larva feeds on leaves and grows in size. The larva then attaches itself to a branch, weaves a chrysalis around it and metamorphoses into a pupa. Inside the chrysalis, the pupa transforms into a butterfly, the butterfly comes out of the chrysalis and flies free.
Type of Organization: Mental Order: Causal
Example: If you smell smoke, you look for the source of fire, if you hear a crash, you look around to see what fell down, if you see a bride, you expect to see the groom nearby.