Guilt refers to a mental state of feeling responsible for committing an offence. This is a term that refers to a cognitive as well as to an emotional experience that affects a person when he or she believes that they have caused a violation of a moral standard, hence; bears a significant responsibility for a particular act. Guilt is closely associated with the concept of remorse.
Guilt is closely associated to the causes of merits, and disadvantages to the ordinary concepts in the field of psychology as well as psychiatry (Ricardo et al, 2007). This as a condition that results in an effective state that is experienced by an individual after committing something he or she believes is wrong. On the other hand, it may occur when an individual has not done something that he or she believes should have been done. According to many psychologists, guilt is an issue that does not vanish away easily (Ricardo et al, 2007).
Importance of guilt is undeniable, hence with people who have been associated with tendencies of depression and anxiety. People who are guilt-ridden always work hard and perform better than individuals who are not always guilty. Hence, such individuals have the capacity to be exemplary leaders and perform well. According to the studies by Francis Flynn who considered guilt is measured by a standard psychological test measure as a tendency to feel guilty. According to Flynn, individuals that are more prone to acts that result in guilt have been awarded higher point ratings by their employees. In addition, further studies have also indicated that such individuals who are prone to acts of guilt have displayed more commitment to their organizations and are considered to be stronger leaders by their colleagues.
There are many costs associated with guilt. Among the greatest is that the people who are guilt-ridden are more frequently disconnected from their authentic motivators (Ricardo et al, 2007). The damage of results to their disability to understand what drives the guilt-induced action is not authentic.   These are actions that can serve the external power, however, not an individual.  Guilt puts forward the question of the person’s character with judgment instead of focusing on his or her behavior. Thus, leading to a win or lose situation guilt is able to drive results in short term from people. The results may not be sustainable for the long term. Furthermore, guilt-prone people are always fond of feeling the resentment (Ricardo et al, 2007).

The results found out that guilt is strong

Companies would be able to put the neurotic individuals, and remarkably few ultra rational individuals in leadership positions. According to Flynn, there’s a wide distance between the Test of Self-Conscious effect)that is a tool used to evaluate the proneness to guilt, and performance measurement of individuals who are guilt-ridden. It has been observed that the guilt-ridden individuals are entirely independent. In most studies linking guilt and performance it is clear that guilt is more equivalent to commitment making many guilt-ridden individuals have a feeling of working hard to compensate for their activities. Guilty individuals tend to work hard According to the HBR study, feeling guilty is actually beneficial. It had been stated that an individual who feels the sense of being guilty due to the fact that the other individuals lose their jobs in order to have an opportunity to handle layoffs well. The reason is that most companies lay off people have a feeling that they are obliged to provide the support to their employers, hence may have a tendency of accepting layoffs in order to reduce the associated costs. Such individuals have a feeling that they should behave like the obedient soldiers in order to be able to protect the interest of many people. Hence, guilty individuals don’t show sensitivity to the overall goals of an institution.
Thus, the guilt ridden person is hard working due to the experiences of making one to become a higher performer, and has the ability to see a bigger picture ahead. This means that guilt-ridden individuals can be better leaders. Furthermore, most studies have evaluated their colleagues to have outstanding leadership skills. Students who have a tendency to become guilty are also considered as exemplary leaders. Guilt activates a keen sense of responsibility for one’s actions. Most discussions support the issue that those individuals who have been guilty can become better leaders, as well as making decision to take up leadership positions since they are able to feel the responsibility of taking up the leadership positions.
It is necessary to study guilt, since altruistic characters can make workers feel some altruistic feelings that can make them feel valued and guilty. Most contentious individuals are reliable workers. Most people would make an assumption that that guilt forms the part of a good recipe of a good employee. Guilt is a concept that is widely studied. However, it is notably absent in the organizational research, and it is surprising since the performance expectations are found in the work place. However, the studies are not concerned with how individuals can become emotional after failing to meet the conditions. However, this may become a real oversight when firms’ researchers make an assumption that guilt is constructive.
If guilt is induced in employees in an organization, the work force will be more hard-working and will exceed many loyal staff. Guilt that is induced can at times backfire by eliciting the resentment that can also be more effective. However, managers or leaders should not try to inspire guilt since the approach will be deemed to work the long-term. Nevertheless, since guilt has benefits, there are also the certain costs that are associated with it.
Guilt-ridden people are associated with costs particularly since they work so hard, and have lower job satisfaction. Guilt-ridden people are not stressed.

Guilt-prone people are brilliant at alleviating their negative feelings

There are certain costs that are associated with guilt. We just need to explore other possible disadvantages. For instance, looking beyond, it has been observed that guilty people are hard- working, furthermore, this commitment spills over into the employee’s personal lives and hence they become less able to relax at home. It has also been noted that those who work hard, become excellent leaders; these are individuals who are not stressed and can manage their personal feelings. These individuals are better people than other individuals in the workplace, since guilt assists in maintaining beneficial relationships. The crucial relationships include reciprocal altruism, for instance, the feeling of guilt after harming other individuals. This may also happen when individuals lack the ability to reciprocate for kindness. Guilt is an emotion that can be manipulated in many ways in order to control or have influence on others. For instance, when an individual causes harm to others and demonstrates some regrets to indicate guilt, the individual who is harmed has higher chances of forgiveness.
In the work place, guilt is associated with explanations that can be useful to assist firms to learn from the failure and assist workers to restore their relationship within the organization and the other work-mates. In the development of leadership traits, guilt helps individuals to achieve discipline among individuals. In an attempt to avoid future guilt, individuals will act in ways that are more consistent with their personal values. In the absence of guilt, there would be a condition of moral chaos in the society without considering the anticipated consequences.
It has been noted that guilt arises from an individual’s beliefs about an action and not from the action. Guilt is an emotion that is a combination of demand, the feeling that an individual may not be responsible for the act, awfulizing, the feeling that an individual was involved in doing a terrible thing, as well as, self downing and the feeling of being a dishonest person.
The feeling of guilt makes an individual focus on the nature of a person an individual is. It is contrary to thinking of revert of the damages caused by the actions, or ways of avoiding repeating such activities. Hence guilt makes one be obsessed with the self worthlessness. In addition, the downing is attributed to the fact that guilt lies at the heart of the victim who has committed a wrong act; hence this may be a cause of the depression or stress. The issue of thinking about how awful a person is opens the door to depression, and immediately an individual is depressed; this will aggravate making an individual become even more depressed, this occurs as an individual continues to tell this to himself/herself. Hence it makes an individual feel guilty under the depression. Furthermore, guilt is an extremely unpleasant feeling that makes an individual feel involved in anything to avoid it. The major actions of trying to avoid guilt include falling to an individual’s own actions. Thus, instead of honestly admitting the errors, one will try to deny the occurrence making other people blame others.

Thinking of past occurrences and being guilty denies an individual the pleasure that may otherwise find presently. Thus, instead of enjoying the present, an individual finds himself dwelling on awful terrible things that they ought not to have committed.
Guilt makes one act in a manner of overcompensating for wrong doings, making an individual become unassertive and obsequious, in an effort to prove to others including personal proof, that one is not a crook individual, and a supremely trustworthy person indeed. In addition, guilt may make an individual be pressurized and make other people take advantage of an individual’s status. Most people may be attempted to take advantage of manipulating others with guilt. This happens by scolding an individual to the extent that one realizes it. This makes an individual to be reminded that he or she is responsible for any wrongdoing. Thus, the consequences that follow will make an individual act in ways that are a true reflection of the personal views to live up to his ultimate level.

Thus this research topic is particularly appealing, it is making the concept of guilt seem hardly worth being noted. This supports the argument by other individual that guilt is an excellent occurrence. However, when mismanaged, guilt can drive an individual to have the detrimental behavior. According to many theories, guilt is a state of mind that results from personal views; a question that often arises is that what can be done about it. There are many solutions to change an individual’s feelings and perceptions about guilt into the further feelings of regret. This makes an individual alter the focus into feeling of regret, making one shift focus away from an individual level and focus on possible actions. The Initial step to make this change is to make a close examination and change the beliefs that one is demanding, awfulizing, as well as self-downing. This is necessary, in case an individual is guilty. People suffering from guilt may be more selfless, as well. There is a link between the tendencies of people’s experiencing guilt to have the altruistic traits. Individuals, who are guilty have the will to become more charitable people, hence get involved in the assistance of others who are in dire need (Christopher, 2008). This illustrates the existence of a close link between guilt and the positive social behavior.

Guilt is a condition that is too demanding

These demands are expressed as “ought to, must, got to, or need to”. An example of the demanding state is a statement such as “I should have done it’. Incidentally, demand seems more or less innocuous, however, a closer inspection have indicated an irrational nature, which were unrealistic, illogical as well as, unhelpful.
However, there is no universal law that indicates that an individual should not have done something. That is, there is no universal law that is concerned with directing or controlling the human conduct. Thus, guilt can make a person become an outstanding leader by acting in the certain ways that may set up an individual as a leader or a ruler. An individual may show attributes of changing behaviors. However, in an attempt to turn wishes into a demand, a guilty person will be behaving in a God-like manner (Christopher, 2008).
Good leadership is developed since the claim that the act may not have occurred when it has already occurred then one is demanding to act morally by causing the unnecessary anxiety. Being anxious creates the fallibility among individuals, hence will make them act in inevitably wrongful from time to time. By demanding a person to avoid acting, this makes an individual to be more fearful by breaking personal rules. Concerning guilt and absenteeism, low guilt is a better way to predict how employee plays hooky, in addition, guilt-prone individuals may practice better presenters, referring to showing up for work when they are sick. The study also focuses on how people reconcile the multiple foci of guilt. It pinpoints to what may occur situation a manager may feel obliged to stay late in order to ensure that a particular project is completed in time. This also happens as a manager will also feel so much attached to reach home and get socialized with family members (Christopher, 2008).
According to a survey by TOSCA, it is not particularly easy to tell the parameters being evaluated. Interviews that had been conducted involving company managers indicate that feeling miserable is actually beneficial, employees who have the tendency to be guilty have the tendency to be hard-working as stated by Flynn, in addition, better leaders become more altruistic and willing to help others, higher performers, more committed to their duties and able to have a clearer picture (Christopher, 2008).

Conclusion

When an individual puts himself for something that has been done, this will lead to overgeneralization. In effect, this refers to saying that a portion of me is the whole of me, and since am partially ineffectual, then the whole of me is worthless. If an individual were truly a imperfect person, it will be impossible to act morally, since an incompetent person is always ineffectual and ethically, and sense and the individual are human, it will be beneficial to equate one with personal actions that one is self worth (Christopher, 2008). However, by giving a personal rating that one is useless, the implication made is that there is a universally acceptable way of providing rating for the individual’s behavior that varies from different places. Thus, the core principles that guide the concept of guilt, demanding, awfulizing, as well as self downing is the cause of all guilt. It is appropriate to put in place a realistic, and self accepting attitudes to avoid guilt, and to replace it with a more self helping regret.

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