The conditions of climate and weather on the planet are constantly changing. As inhabitants of the planet, we constantly feel the results of these changes and how they impact our life. However, all these processes have a number of early indicators. Whenever there is a problem, natural phenomena indicate this problem before it actually occurs to a large extent. Many of these phenomena are natural disasters, and that is why they are so widely studied by the scientists around the world.
In this research paper, it is proposed to look at the correlation between the hurricanes and the sea surface temperature. Research indicates that “idealized hurricanes, simulated under warmer, high-CO2 conditions, are more intense and have higher precipitation rates than under present-day conditions” (Knutson & Tuleya, 2004, p. 3477). Therefore, they are likely to affect the temperature changes, which also influence the changes in the sea surface temperature as a result.
The impact from examination of such correlation can be very important in terms of hurricane forecasting and climate change modeling. Both processes are part of our daily life requirements, and forecasting of hurricanes in particular can save a lot of lives of people in the areas where the hurricanes are likely to occur. Therefore, research in the field of hurricanes and the sea surface temperature is needed.
This paper provides a general exploration of the process. Moreover, the data collected indicates the existence of correlation and the factors, which affect correlation expansion. However, the research does not cover the issues related to managing the connection between the hurricanes and the sea surface temperature, which is explained more detailed in the ‘Limitations’ section.
The overall meaning of the research in the area of hurricanes and the natural processes they are likely to affect can be a solid foundation for climate prediction, meteorology, and the ocean studies. The significance of the research is also supported by the fact that “late twentieth century tropospheric aerosol cooling has offset a substantial fraction of anthropogenic warming in the region and has thus likely suppressed even greater potential increases in tropical cyclone activity”, as Mann and Emanuel (2006, p. 233) mention.
For this reason, the research indicates the two specific areas of investigation: the first is covering the general correlation between the processes, and the second looks for the changes in the processes associated with the factors that cause both hurricanes and changes in sea surface temperature to occur. The second area includes climate models.
It is important to mention, that recently there is a lot of information about the fact that hurricanes affect sea surface temperature, but the exploration of the process in detail is only covered in a few studies (Fisher, 1957; Curry, 2008). At the same time, climate factors affecting both processes are rarely mentioned (Cione & Uhlhorn, 2003).
Data Collection and Analysis
Newell and Weare (1977) have examined the connection between carbon dioxide and sea surface temperature and found that, “there is a spatial and a temporal correspondence between changes in Pacific sea surface temperature and changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide” (p. 1). At the same time, other research findings indicate that anthropogenic factors are the major cause of increasing activity of cyclones and warmth in the tropical Atlantic area (Mann & Emanuel, 2006). As a natural process, warm temperature and cyclones in the ocean area increase the probability of hurricanes. At the same time, recent investigation of the ocean temperature before and after the hurricane Betsy in 1965 confirmed the correlation between the hurricane activity and the changes in the sea surface temperature. Additionally, the results indicate that “hurricanes do cause well defined areas of cold water to occur at the sea surface in their wakes” (McFadden, 1967, p. 302).