a)Children with AIDS
Early intervention services for children with AIDS helps in providing emotional and socio-economic support to these children. It also helps in ensuring that these children do not develop health complications that may lead to poor health or death. In addition, psychotherapies given to these children at an early stage help in minimizing negative impacts of AIDS of their social life, for example, by improving heir thinking and understanding.
b)Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a health problem that results for excessive exposure of the fetus to alcohol during pregnancy. Early intervention is important for children with FAS because it helps in minimizing the negative effects of alcohol on the child. For example, Dunlap (2009) states that FAS usually leads to mental retardation, slow growth and impairment of the nervous system of the child. Thus, early intervention would help in minimizing these life-threatening impacts of a child’s exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. Similarly, early intervention would help in instilling appropriate behaviors and conducts amongst children. It would also help in increasing the thinking ability of the child as well as improving speech and language of the child. Dunlap (2009) and Nevitt (2007) point out that children with FAS often experienced difficulties in concentration, thinking and speaking. Hence, early intervention is essential for reducing or eliminating such disorders. For example, language therapy can be used to alleviate language disorders.
c)Children with Prenatal Exposure to Cocaine
Early intervention is important for children with prenatal exposure to cocaine because it helps in instilling pro-social behaviors and skills such as how to relate well with other people in the society. According to Soby (2011), children who are prenatally exposed to cocaine usually develop bad behaviors. Thus, early interventions are important in eliminating such behavioral problems.