“Pablo Escobar became a famous criminal legend of the old-fashioned way” (Escobar, 2012) as he created his career based on drug selling business, smuggling and money laundering within the whole life. He referred to one of the most authoritative drug dealers that possessed power to the end of his days. Escobar was a real personality despite he distributed cocaine beyond Colombia. Moreover, he was not indifferent to the surrounding world and the existent problems allocating large sums of money to such issues as poverty and healthcare.
Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria was born on the first of December in 1949 in Rionegro, Colombia in the middle-class family. His father Abel de Jesus Dari Ascobar worked as a cattle farmer, and his mother Hermilda Gaviria was an elementary school teacher (Slone, 2013). Escobar did not live in poverty as his mother was a respected teacher, and his father worked hard and persistent in order to get the appropriate income. However, the house, which they possessed, did not have either electricity or running water. Such living conditions showed that the family belonged to the upper class of society. Later, Escobar and his family moved to Medellin and began to live better than before. Firstly, Escobar’s father found a good job as a watchman, and a mother continued to teach children from the suburbs. In such a way, Escobar had enough food and clothes, and he even was fond of music. However, previous life had a negative impact on the boy’s mind and the perception of the world as it left the precise trace of injustice and bloodshed.
Escobar started his initial career “as a small-time criminal in the slums and back roads outside Medellin, Colombia” (Levinthal, 2012). In such a way, he began to deal with drugs, and for the first time, the police arrested him due to unlawful possession of cocaine at the age of twenty-six. In some period, Escobar created a so-called Medellin Cartel that was a major alliance based on the cocaine trafficking. This corporation controlled cocaine business including the United States of America. Besides, Escobar made a decision to reinforce his position and power in society, and took part in the elections of the Columbian Congress. He became a member of the Congress, but he realized that cocaine business could give him more opportunities to develop his power. Thus, Escobar continued his way connected with a boundless violence and constant bribes.
In 1984, Escobar was defined as a billionaire that got more than two billion dollars every year
On the other hand, he helped poor people and invested some money into the hospitals and the development of the soccer stadium. Additionally, Escobar used much money in order to support his favorite soccer team named Atletico Nacional. He applied drug incomes “to benefit the community, building soccer fields and providing all the necessary equipment for the impoverished children in Medellin” (Dutt, n.d.). On the other hand, Columbia turned into a cruel country being full of violence and crimes, and the police blamed Escobar in all current events and results. Thus, he was forced to hide everywhere, but once it was impossible to escape, and the DEA agents traced him and killed.
Summing up, Pablo Escobar was a well-known drug dealer, who was busy with the cocaine trafficking, but charity was an integral part of his life. People called him “Lord of the Drugs” and a “Robin Hood” at the same time as he possessed a strong character being kind as well. He had all the accurate “characteristics of a strategist and a businessman as he united the appropriate aspects of a pragmatic negotiator” (Rodriguez, 2005).
- Dutt, C. (n.d.) Overcoming Escobar: Creating a Sustainable Future for Colombian Soccer Initiatives. Retrieved from https://martindale.cc.lehigh.edu/sites/martindale.cc.lehigh.edu/files/Overcoming.pdf
- Escobar, R. (2012). Escobar. Hachette UK.
- Levinthal, Charles F. (2012). Drugs, Society and Criminal Justice: The Criminal Justice Perspective. Prentice Hall. PDF.
- Rodriguez, R. V. (2005). The Sociological Dimension of the Drug-Traffic in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro. City of God in Several Voices. Retrieved from http://www.ecsbdefesa.com.br/fts/DRUG-TRAFFIC.pdf
- Slone, D. (2013). The Road to White Powder: The Childhood and Early Criminal Career of Pablo Escobar. Absolute Crime.