Period of ratification of the U.S. Constitution became the crucial point for political life of the United States. Two opponent parties were created: the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party. Each of them stood up for their views and that made the competition fiercer. When Thomas Jefferson was elected the President of the United States in 1801, the Democratic-Republican Party became the leading party of the country, which put it into power.
The Democratic-Republican Party believed that definite rights should be given to all the states. This party wanted to see the representatives of both the Federalist and the Democratic-Republican Party in the united government (Jefferson, 1801). Jefferson and Madison were the founders of the Democratic-Republican Party. The first step of Democrats in the political sphere of the USA was writing and ratification of Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions in 1798 and 1799 in contrast to the Alien and Sedition Acts. The main aim of these Acts was “to maintain and defend the Constitution of the United States” (Virginia Resolution, 1798). The Alien and Sedition Acts are acts concerning secret artifices of the aliens against the government.
Indeed, Jefferson became the President of the United States in 1801. The main position of the party is clearly seen in Jefferson’s inaugural address. One of the main ideas of this speech is that all people unite in integral efforts for the common good to create a strong country (Jefferson, 1801). The new President was going to make the United Government, which would consist of the Federal and Democratic-Republican parties. He stated the opinion that every “difference of parties’ opinion was not a difference of principle”. He considered that the Government should control the payment of debts, diffusion of information, provide freedom of religion, press and person. The revolution was the main instrument of building the future of the United States of America in accordance with the Democratic-Republican Party.
In addition, Madison, who was in Jefferson’s corner, became the Secretary of the State. He decided not to deliver the Federal Commission. William Marbury was appointed as a judge of Federalist power. As Madison did not deliver the Federalist Commission, the Chief of Justice Marshall had a dilemma, as two judicial commissions started to exist after Jefferson`s inauguration. He formally did not dismiss Marbury. However, Marshall could ratify constitutional acts (Marbury vs. Madison, 1803).
Furthermore, as an example of Democratic-Republican Party`s action was an argument for constitutionality of the National Bank between Jefferson and Hamilton in 1791. In this argument each of them provided statements to stand up for their point of view. Alexander Hamilton was the representative of the Federal Party at that time. His main thought was that central government has played the major role in the process of constitutionality of the National Bank. Jefferson stressed that Constitution was the main instrument of power and decisions in social, economic and political spheres, including the above-mentioned process (Jefferson, 1791). Thomas Jefferson made statements for presenting power to the people and the representatives of the states.
To sum up, the Democratic-Republican Party was one of the main political actors in the United States during the period of the late 18th and early 19th century. Freedom of man, press and speech was proclaimed by this party. Jefferson and Madison became creators and enlighteners of the party. Peace in the country became one of the main goals of the Democratic-Republican Government. Revolution was accepted as one of the main instruments to achieve the great welfare.