America’s power and influence on a world scale is inextricably linked to industrialization that is a process of rapid social and economic changes with the focus on the machinery. The improvements in all major spheres of life that we experience nowadays were set in motion after the Civil War. The benefits of industrialization are always pinpointed and celebrated, while the costs are either omitted or ignored. In the long run, the outcome is more important than the process.
During the period of intensive industrialization many positive changes were introduced in the United States. Great factories, steel mills and railroads sprang up throughout the country. As a matter of fact, inventions and innovations in one industry triggered the improvements in others. It was the period of reliance on science and observations and, as a result, it was fruitful in technological advancements. The development of the steel, rail, oil, and telecommunications industries was greatly forwarded by the progressive-minded people, such as Andrew Carnegie, John P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, Alexander Graham Bell and others. The abundance of goods and services was accounted primarily for using capital, technology, resources, and management to the best advantage. Consumerism became a defining feature of American society obsessed with material things. Although the standards of living were raised, many people were dissatisfied with the working conditions, voicing their complaints and taking decisive actions.
On the whole, industrialization in the USA has brought about more benefits that far exceed the drawbacks. The economic effects of industrialization are more evident, as they entail new opportunities and new social problems. Altering their lifestyles and adjusting to the changes, ordinary men and women made the greatest contribution to the industrial revolution in the United States.