Idea of the paper must be clear and details supporting the main theme must be extraordinary, novel and original to attract the target audience and keep it interested. The voice is an individual author’s style of writing. It is the manner how the author communicates the idea to the reader, “heart and soul” of any composition. Word choice is the basis for the chosen style. With the help of colorful language the writing piece is gaining new sound further reinforced by metaphors and epithets. Presentation and conventions are the organizational and technical parts of the writing process. Spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar and paragraphing are five components of conventions. Each writer understands that even the most informative, unusual, interesting text is poor for the reader without an appropriate visual and textual presentation. It should include text and graphics, right font selection and borders. It is a challenging task to write such a paper that will be impressive and unforgettable when reading aloud. Different length of sentences, style and rhythm make the writing piece flexible for reading.

Hatcher and Goodard: stages in the writing process

 establishing the purpose of writing and the reader to whom the author address his main ideas; organization stage; first draft creating; aging and rereading the draft; revising, editing and proof-reading. They emphasized that good writing was described by three C’s: clearness, conciseness and correctness. The first step of final purpose defining is often underestimated and overlooked. However it is crucial for the writer to understand for whom it is written and choose the main thought which he wants to deliver. Successful writing is supported by well-organized planning and organizing stage. It helps to discipline oneself, structure thoughts and ideas according to the chosen topic and writing purpose. Two essentials tasks must be carried out. Before start of the paper’s main body writing, the writer makes a skeleton – a list of logically presented substantial points that will be described in details in his writing piece. The next step is to find all necessary sources and information that will be used as informational materials for the writing. Writing the first draft is the next stage and it is often either overvalued or undervalued. Undervaluation is the negligent attitude, the writing on the principles somehow and somewhat. Those writers who overvalued the draft stage pay too much attention to details. The writer should understand that the finished work differs from the draft whereas it is the main plan and vectors of writing. Final work needs in-detailed description. Draft writing defines breaking the whole task into subgroups for understanding of paper’s initial logical structure. Aging of the draft means to forget about it for a while. After a small pause the new fresh look at the paper will help to find the new nuances to correct and add. This stage is called rereading one.

Revising the main task for the writer is not to check the spelling but to read the paper as a final work that is to correct only the big segments when they do not fit the paper or define the points that the writer wants to expand or change. The editing stage implies the sentence structure correcting, grammar and spelling checking, word choosing and style polishing. It needs great attention to make grammatically and stylistically perfect paper. It is useful to give the paper to someone whose judgment the writer respects with the aim to read unbiased and help with a healthy criticism. As the authors specified it was almost impossible to correct one’s own work. Final paper can be the true masterpiece for the writer but full of syntax, spelling and stylistic errors for the proofreader. Proofreading is the final stage of the writing process (Hatcher, Goddard, 2005).

Morrow about the importance of spelling in the writing process

Spelling errors, incomplete sentences, grammar errors detract from the main sense of the paper. Moreover, the right spelling is the mirror of high writing culture and it raises the presentation outlook of the entire created work. The distortion of words, phrases, improper sentence construction can affect even the most successful writing styles.

According to Knipper and Duggan (2006), “writing to learn is an opportunity for students to recall, clarify and question what they know about a subject and what they still wonder about with regard to that subject matter”. Moreover, it is an opportunity to crystalize the content, understanding of the learned material and ability to address the target audience with the aggregate knowledge. “Writing to learn” helps the students to develop critical and creative thinking by using the following strategies: “biopoems”, word maps and ABC list. The process of writing finds appropriate stimuli to help the passive learners to become active learners.