The Elizabethan era was the time of a great cultural revival for England. The English Renaissance gave people a tremendous opportunity to enjoy the art of theatre. It was open for the upper class nobility as well as for the lower class commoners (Clouston n.pag.). The later would come and get fully involved in experiencing plays, talking to actors, throwing comments and expressing their attitude towards what was going on the stage (Picard n.pag.). Becoming so available for all social layers, theatre at the same time was changing its features. Playwrights would consider not only the current state of events in 16th century England, but the taste of theatre audience, its daily concerns, world insight and perception; this aspect totally affected the plays and the way they were written.
William Shakespeare was one of the greatest playwrights of Elizabethan era (Wilson n.pag.). A plenty of his plays have been performed on the world stage.
Shakespeare gained the material for his works from all kinds of relevant sources. He had an eye on classical treasure as well as a heart perceiving the needs of contemporary theatre audience. He mixed all his observations into great pieces of art, enriching them with his imagination and wit. If we analyze any of his works, we will notice that the language used was closely adapted to the language spoken in England of that time, as people mostly spoke than read back those days. For example, the prose was used to express the conversation between lower classes as in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, or intimate, familiar scenes as in Henry V; so did he for expressing madness or vulgarity as in Hamlet (Miller n.pag.). Nevertheless, William Shakespeare managed to maintain the conformity between the monologues of heroes and their traits of character (Miller n. pag.). He turned to express their inner lives, the volume of their thoughts within the size and structure of a text.
Unfortunately, this good time which expanded the theatre audiences abruptly finished in 1592, when blamed in spreading “the black plague” (Wilson n.pag.).